A swollen uvula can be caused by an infection, STD, glandular fever or even after surgery such as tonsillectomy. A sore throat, strep and sometimes no pain but white spots are reported as symptoms associated with its enlargement.
When the inflammation is severe, the uvula can touch the tongue and cause irritation at the back of the throat.
Here’s more on the causes and treatment to get rid of inflamed uvula as well as what you can do at home to relieve your symptoms.
The uvula is also called the palatine uvula. It is the fleshy structure that hangs in your throat. Most people confuse it with tonsils. The work of the palatine uvula is to filter bacteria and prevent them from entering the digestive system as well as the respiratory system. So, how does it feel to have a uvula that is swollen, and what does it mean?
A swollen uvula means that the structure is inflamed, irritated and sometimes, enlarged. The reason behind this could be an infection, irritation from alcohol, smoking or some spices. We have discussed the causes of an inflamed uvula and what it means when some symptoms show up below.
The medical term used to refer to an enlarged and inflamed palatal uvula extension is uvulitis. In a general sense, according to Drugs.com, uvulitis refers to a severe swelling. This, as reported by the Scott and White Memorial Hospital, may show signs such as soreness and redness, all of which are signs of inflammation.
Uvulitis is not a life-threatening condition and is not likely to kill you. The inflammation should go away on its own after a few days.
Sometimes, treatment may be required to get rid of the bacteria, viruses and yeast cell that may make it remain persistent.
For people who wake up with the swelling at the back of the throat, the inflammation can last just a few hours if the primary cause is snoring. However, the symptom can last from a few hours to a few days, and in severe cases, it can take weeks to heal.
Treating the cause is the best way to stop the swelling fast. Leaving it to heal on its own means you might experience the swelling for a little longer, maybe days or even weeks.
Why is my uvula swollen after tonsillectomy, drinking or when I am dehydrated? These are the few most common causes of uvulitis.
In people who snore, shout a lot or involve themselves in sports, a sore uvula is a common occurrence. Nonetheless, below are the reasons why you get uvulitis in your throat.
Sinus surgery, tonsillectomy surgery, and intubation or laparoscopic surgeries around the nose and throat may all cause a swollen or inflamed uvula.
Dr. David J. Kiener, MD on Realself says that it is not unusual for a patient to have a sore uvula after surgery, from anesthesia.
The swollen uvula after surgery is usually a result of “irritation by the endotracheal tube used to maintain the airway.” Bacterial infections may worsen the symptoms, otherwise the swelling should resolve on its own within 10 days. Other operations that may cause an inflamed uvula include wisdom teeth removal that involves anesthesia injection.
People who suffer from a swollen mouth, throat and uvula from drinking alcohol may be suffering from alcohol allergy.
Another explanation is that your throat and other organs in the mouth may swell due to dehydration.
Alcohol causes dehydration and the following morning, the hangover headaches may be accompanied by swollen tonsils, sore swollen throat, swollen taste buds on your tongue and uvulitis.
Can dehydration cause the uvula to swell or enlarge? When your body does not have enough water in it, a dry throat is experienced. This is common in people who drink alcohol or smoke regularly.
In case an inflamed uvula is caused by dehydration, drink at least 8 glasses of water. Other beverages and fluids such as orange juice may help hydrate your body and relieve the swelling in your throat.
Abrupt swelling of the uvula, tissues in your mouth and back of the throat is usually a sign of allergic reaction. This is also called edema. Such a reaction is called an anaphylactic reaction is dangerous and should be considered an emergency.
Allergic reactions in the throat are sometimes treated with a shot of epinephrine. However, you should identify the foods you are allergic to and avoid them to prevent a swollen uvula and mouth.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as HIV, and herpes (HPV) are also responsible for an array of symptoms in the throat such as bumps in the throat and tongue, yellow tongue and even bleeding and swollen tissues in the mouth.
Irritations from viral infections and even yeast infections such as oral thrush can cause your uvula to be swollen and sore.
While in most cases it is less likely to be an STD problem, people who have oral sex may be prone to such throat inflammations.
Most infections in the throat may cause tissues in the oral cavity to swell. This includes the uvula. Both bacterial and viral infections, including strep throat, epiglottitis and mononucleosis (mono) are responsible for such inflammation.
Epiglottitis is common in young children where the epiglottis tissue – attached to the end of the tongue – swells. It can result in breathing problems. Infections in the throat should be treated as soon as possible to reduce their risks.
Physical trauma and injury to the uvula are a source of physical stress that can cause it to swell. You are likely to experience a swollen uvula from yelling or singing too much. Other sources of trauma and stress include:
These cause minor swelling that goes away when treated by drinking cold fluids and avoiding spicy foods such as hot pepper.
Streptococcal bacteria in the throat cause an infection that leads to symptoms such as pain in throat, swelling of membranes and mucous tissues in the mouth, tonsils and back of throat.
When you have strep throat, you will experience sore throat as well. The uvula, as part of the throat, becomes swollen as a result of strep throat infections.
People who smoke and those who work in areas that are highly polluted are reported to have more cases of swelling of the throat and uvula.
According to The Student Room, smoking acts as an irritant or pollutant in the oral cavity. It causes the mouth to dry up.
When the uvula and back of throat dries up, you become itchy and irritated. This may cause swelling and irritation of tonsils, epiglottis, tongue, and uvula. Vaping, smoking weed, and even e-cigarettes can all cause the swelling.
The uvula may swell due to GERD (acid reflux) and vomiting (throwing up or puking). These two can cause irritation in the throat because of the acid that is being regurgitated into the throat area and even in the mouth. You might find bumps at the back of the tongue.
Acid reflux and nausea are common during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester. It can be treated with over the counter and prescription medications though since it is not a life-threatening condition.
Did you know that breathing through your mouth dries up the throat? If you wake up every morning with an inflamed uvula, you could be breathing through the mouth at night.
Apart from sleeping with mouth open, snoring, and sleep apnea, as we shall see below, are majorly to blame for an irritated and enlarged uvula in the morning.
A painful, enlarged or elongated uvula can also be caused by other factors listed below.
You can relieve a swelling uvula with home remedies, but it is important that you see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment because some of these causes can be difficult to cure at home, naturally. So what additional signs should you look for before determining what to do?
Uvulitis is usually a symptom of another infection or disease. It is likely to go away on its own, but when it is recurring, you should see a doctor. The following are the symptoms of uvulitis to look out for.
Other symptoms of an extremely swollen uvula include swollen lymph nodes due to inflammation and sometimes small lumps in throat.
Snoring is often mentioned as a cause of an enlarged uvula. According to MedicineNet, after a night of heavy snoring, the uvula and soft palate may be swollen in the morning. The cause of this is that snoring flaps around the uvula, blocking the airway and causing breathing problems.
You might complain of a mild sore throat, sleep apnea and other sleep disorders. Snoring in itself is also known to cause a swollen throat and organs around it because of the heavy breathing and the flapping around of the hanging extension in the back of throat.
When the uvula causes snoring, excision may be the option to help you stop snoring permanently. However, Dr. Christopher Chang of Faquier ENT notes that uvula removal is not a conclusive treatment for obstructive sleep apnea.
Sore throat is one of the most common symptom of an irritated uvula. Sore throat may come with no other symptoms, but in most cases, an itchy throat, pain and irritation and sometimes cough accompany this problem.
When you have sore throat and an enlarged uvula, you could be suffering from a bacterial infection. But what does it mean to have a swollen uvula no pain and no tonsils? Most likely, physical trauma and some viral infections may show no other symptoms. If the swelling persists for more than 2 days, see a doctor for treatment.
What is the recovery time of a uvula swelling? How long the swelling will last depends on the cause. If you have just had tonsillectomy, you should expect to recover within 7 to 10 days, according to HealthGuide HQ.
However, you might have uvulitis not going away for a week or even months, or keeps recurring. In such a case, you could be having recurring infections in the throat that cause it. For uvulitis that won’t go away, see a doctor for treatment and advise.
To get rid of uvulitis, home remedies, cures and medical treatments can help. It is also important to know when to see a doctor as an emergency case.
Antibiotics are prescribed for the treatment of bacterial infections such as strep throat. Anti-fungal medications may be administered to help get rid of swelling caused by yeast and oral thrush. Here’s how to get rid of a swollen uvula fast.
Medications and over the counter treatments can be used to fix a swollen throat. Here are the medications that are used to treat an inflamed uvula.
Home remedies for inflamed uvula include water gargles, cold treatment to relieve the swelling, natural antibacterial and antivirals such as honey and herbs like turmeric. Below are ways to get rid of an inflamed uvula naturally at home.
Chew some ice cubes or place them at the back of your throat to help soothe the enlarged uvula. This works like a cold compress and can help relieve it fast.
Since the back of the throat swells because of inflammation and irritation, you can use herbs that have anti-inflammation properties. Turmeric as well as ginger are some of the home remedies for a sore uvula. Here’s how to use turmeric remedy.
This will treat uvulitis faster.
If you have been drinking a lot of alcohol lately, uvulitis and swollen tonsils could be caused by dehydration. The simple home remedy that will get rid of the irritation in your throat is drinking lots of water to relieve the dryness in your throat. Drink at least 8 glasses of water every day.
Honey is also good home remedy to heal a sore uvula. The reason behind this is that honey is both an antibacterial and anti-fungal kitchen remedy. Here’s how to use it.
If you are mixing the honey in another liquid, you can gargle with it to relieve the irritation.
Salt water can help relieve inflammation. It is used for many purposes, including unpopping congested ears and opening up a stuffy nose. You can use warm salt water gargles to reduce the swelling in your throat. Here’s how to reduce a swollen uvula by gargling salt water.
Salt contains iodine. Iodine acts as an anti-inflammatory and will also help get rid of bacterial infections at the back of throat.
Other home remedies include chewing garlic, quitting smoking, chewing on ginger, drinking herbal tea made of ginger, cloves, black pepper and holy basil. These will help cure the inflammation on the uvula and tonsils overnight. Antiseptic mouthwashes such as Listerine can also help you heal a uvula that is swelling overnight.
See an ENT doctor if you see any of the following symptom associated with uvulitis.
In case of an emergency, CALL 911 FOR QUICK HELP. Difficulty in breathing and choking are considered emergencies and should be attended immediately.