What are scalp lesions? What causes the sores? How do you get rid of the scalp wounds fast? Here’s more on causes, symptoms, relationship with hair loss and the treatment options.
What is a lesion?
A lesion is an area of an organ or tissue that has received damage as a result of an injury or a disease like an ulcer, tumor, abscess and a wound. The lesions can occur anywhere on your body including the scalp. When it occurs, there is the appearance of small or larger area pegged to the type of cause. The lesions can occur singly or in clusters.
The occurrence of the blisters can occur in different forms for example swellings, blisters, rashes, bumps, cysts, hardenings, discolorations and sacs that are filled with pus. Apart from that, there are many other changes that may occur on the scalp.
There are several causes that can bring about lesions on your scalp. The causes range from injury to the scalp, infectious diseases, hair follicle damage and allergic reactions. There is also a likelihood that chronic causes like diabetes and autoimmune diseases could cause scalp lesions. The breakdown below discusses them one by one:
Lupus is a disease in the category of autoimmune diseases in which the immune system of your body attacks the cells of the body and thus destroying them. This, in the long run, leads to swelling of the scalp, pain and a lot of damage of the several tissues on your scalp.
The causes of lupus is not clearly known but over time, heredity has played a key role. Viral infections and sunlight are some of the causes that cause this. There are various symptoms including swelling, rashes, and loss of hair are associated with lupus.
Allergies and irritations on the scalp
Allergy-causing components known as allergens have been linked to lesions on the scalp. The most common allergies that are linked to the lesions on your scalp are food allergies, allergies to medications and the allergies to contact. There is also a likelihood that the scalp would cause an allergic reaction characterized by irritation.
Infections on your scalp
Viral, bacterial and fungal infections can give you lesions on your scalp. The viral infections that can cause lesions include chickenpox, shingles and warts on your scalp. The fungal infections that can lead to lesions include Piedra and tinea capitis. The bacterial infections linked to lesions include impetigo, scarlet fever, folliculitis and meningitis.
Acne on the scalp
The excessive accumulation of sebum under the skin which leads to acne can cause lesions. When the bumps get infected, they result in the formation of lesions. When this occurs, there is need to treat it immediately so as to avoid the eventuality of hair loss.
There are illnesses that include cancer and diabetes that would cause a change of the texture of the skin and lesions. This would be as a result of poor wound healing mechanism and lack of proper circulation of blood. The diseases, in the long run, would make the immune system very weak and thus make the body be vulnerable to other infections.
Aging skin of the scalp
As your skin ages, you are likely to undergo some changes depending on the lifestyle that you are living and the diet that you are taking as well as heredity. Similarly, with age, your skin gets dry and very susceptible to any oncoming infections.
This condition is common when the body excessively produces cells. The production of the cells could not easily be determined. This condition leads to crusty, red, flaky and red patches that form slippery scales on your scalp.
Injury on the scalp
Direct physical trauma or injury to your scalp could bring about changes on the various aspects of your scalp which include changes in color, pain and swelling. This would lead to bleeding and lastly loss of hair. The specific injuries include:
- Bites from insects
- Physical burns like sunburn
- Rough massage on your scalp
Symptoms of scalp lesions
The following are some of the symptoms that can come with the scalp lesions:
- Loss of hair
- Production of sweat
- Nausea and vomiting or nausea without vomiting
- Pain in the joints and a lot of stiffness
- Head pains/ headache
- A lot of itch on the scalp
- Swelling and red scalp skin
- A lot of fever and chills
- A lot of breathing problems
You should see your doctor immediately if you get the following symptoms:
- Nausea and vomiting that is related to lack of appetite
- Loss of consciousness from time to time
- Development of rashes on your scalp especially after taking some medication
- A lot of high fever
- Changes in vision and pain in your eyes
- Breathing difficulty and problems
Scalp lesions and hair loss
It is estimated that about 50 to 100 hairs are lost in a day when you have scalp lesions. The hair begins thinning and in the long run hair falls off. The loss of hair is known as alopecia in medical terms. The loss of hair could occur with or without inflammation.
When you have lesions, scarring is likely to occur. In this regard, there is inflammation and formation of bumps. This makes the hair follicles to be very weak and in the long run brings about the loss of hair. The loss of hair could be temporary but there are situations where the loss could be permanent.
Scalp lesions in babies
Scalp lesions are likely to occur just from the early stages of childhood although it would go all the way to adulthood. The conditions would be mild and therefore would not be a cause of alarm but they would heal without any treatment. You should always follow up this condition so as to avoid putting your baby at risk of more serious conditions.
In the event that the lesions on your scalp come with serious symptoms, then you should seek immediate medical attention for immediate response. Trauma on the scalp of your baby could be linked to the lesion among other causes.
Scalp lesions that won’t heal
When you have cancerous growths on your scalp, it is likely that you will have lesions that would not heal. The growths appear to be in different sizes and shapes that range from the size of a golf ball to the size of a pinhead.
The lesions appear to be very painful and itchy when they occur. It is likely that the most suspected cancerous growth is called the squamous cell carcinoma that appears as thickened and crusty plaques that take a lot of time to heal.
To treat lesions on your scalp, you have to be aware of the causes. The medications could be divided into bacterial, fungal and viral infections.
First and foremost, you could use both oral and topical antibiotics to get rid of the lesions in case they are caused by bacteria. This is mainly in the case of folliculitis that brings about the inflammation of the tissues of your scalp.
Apart from that, you could use steroids in the forms of injections known as biologics which work by suppressing the triggers that bring up the lesions. On the other hand, not doing regular shampoo on your hair could also lessen the chances of you having rashes on your scalp.
More to that, you would use antiseptic shampoos or soap on a daily basis. These shampoos are mild and would not cause any irritation to your scalp. If you are not sure, then consult your doctor for the best directions.
Removal using natural remedies
At other times, the treatment of lesions could not stop at the prescribed medications. The use of home remedies would also come in handy so as to get rid of the lesions. The following are some of the remedies:
This oil would be useful in the treatment of folliculitis which could lead to lesions. The oil also provides a soothing effect to the pain that comes with this kind of condition. What you have to do is get some drops of the oil and then massage it gently into your scalp. You should carry out this process about three times in a day until the inflammation comes down.
Tea tree oil
This oil has antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial properties. There is an agreement among various professionals and experts that the oil has the ability to eliminate bacteria. All you have to do is apply some of the oil on your scalp and then massage gently. Remember to repeat this process on a daily basis till you get better.
Garlic has been known to treat various conditions and lesions are one of them. All you have to do is obtain the juice and use it while fresh. After that, you apply it to the region affected and repeat it several times till you get relief.
The oil is known for its ant-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial and antiaging properties. With these properties, it helps to clean up the scalp and make it free of pain. All you have to do is massage the oil onto your scalp a number of times in a day. This maintains the hydration of your skin and thus giving you relief from the symptoms.
It has powerful antioxidant properties and thus it is able to get rid of the lesion within a very short time. To use it, you will use the gel obtained from the plant. The gel also has anti-inflammatory properties and thus useful in the useful in lesions. You should use the gel about three times in a day so as to get the best results.
It has a compound called curcumin that has very powerful antioxidant properties, which is important in dealing with scalp lesions. Further, the compound has very strong anti-inflammatory properties that would help clear out lesions. You should take the turmeric powder then spread it over the bumps of the lesions. Do it until you get relief.
Use of just a handful of the neem would be useful. All you have to do is boil some of the neem in about 2 liters of water and then wash your scalp with it a number of times in a day.
So as to obtain relief, get a spoonful of the vinegar and then add to about four spoons of water. Soak a clean towel in the solution and then massage on the regions for about 15 to 20 minutes. To get the best results, carry on with the process about three times in a day till you get relief.