Addiction is a complex disease that involves the inability to stop using substances or engaging in harmful behaviour. This can lead to several adverse psychological, physiological and personal effects. Addiction complications often depend on the type of substance or behaviour. Often more than one type of complication interferes with the daily life of an addicted person. These factors often interact and work together to create health risks. With alcoholic spouse people can control their drinking habits. There are many ways for controlling alcohol and drugs that people can learn from here.
Excessive use of mood-altering or physiological substances can cause harm in several ways.As alcoholic spouse people will know how to get out of all the drinking habit issues easily.
Injury: This may occur during drug administration depending on the method. For example, injecting heroin with a needle can cause skin and muscle damage at the injection site, and many people take the drug through smoking, causing lung damage and respiratory disease. Injuries can also occur when drunk. Drug use often impairs coordination and balance and can cause falls and injuries. Driving under the influence of alcohol or other drugs is a crime in most countries.
Some substances trigger violent reactions in people and increase the likelihood of risky or confrontational behaviour.
Overdose: Taking too much of a substance or mixing substances can lead to an overdose. While it can also occur with drugs and medications, it is more likely to occur in people who take a substance for mood-altering or recreational purposes.
Cardiovascular Health: Many substances cause spikes in blood pressure and heart rate, putting stress on the heart and blood vessels and increasing the risk of stroke, heart attack and death.
Loss of cleanliness and routine: Addiction can become a pervasive feature of a person’s life, and the brain’s reward system can be rearranged to prioritize the substance or behaviour underlying the addiction over food, stress management, and hygiene. Addiction can also mean that a person spends a large amount of money each month on the substance, thereby increasing the risk of a poor diet.
In some cases, addiction can lead to homelessness, significantly reduce shelter and resources, and increase exposure to the elements. Harm to the fetus: If a woman consumes the substance during pregnancy, it can cause birth defects or even fetal death.
Drugs have a two-way relationship with mental health. Mental health problems such as depression and anxiety can precede addiction. However, drug use can also trigger the symptoms of this condition and cause it to develop where it did not exist before.
Addiction not only interferes with many bodily functions but also changes the way a person thinks. Drug use changes how certain circuits work in the brain.
Psychoactive Substances: Many drugs directly cause hallucinations and long-term psychological effects that can lead to serious mental health problems.
Loneliness: People with addiction tend to distance themselves from those they are closest to, and this diminishes or drastically reduces the person’s support network when they need it most. This can trigger further drug use and lead to more serious complications for the addicted person. Anxiety, worry, guilt, and shame can also result from long-term substance and behavioural addictions.
Adverse Circumstances: Drug addiction can lead to financial problems, homelessness, criminal activity, and imprisonment. Deteriorating personal circumstances increase levels of stress, depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses.
Suicide: One study found that people who regularly abused opiates were six times more likely to attempt suicide than people who did not abuse opiates. The death rate by suicide is two to three times higher in people who are addicted to opiates. People use certain drugs to attempt suicide, such as heroin. When the effects of the drugs themselves are combined with consequent or latent mental health problems, the consequences can be deadly.
Addiction can change relationships with those closest to those with the disorder. They can increase the effects of addiction on the brain and body. Not only does the cost of regularly buying substances or following behavioural impulses add up, but addictions can also drive a person further away from work and financial obligations. This can create difficulties that further exacerbate other health problems that addiction can produce.